Named after Vilfredo Pareto, Pareto optimal is a measure of efficiency. An outcome of a game is Pareto optimal if there is no other outcome that makes every player at least as well off and at least one player strictly better off. That is, a Pareto Optimal outcome cannot be improved upon without hurting at least one player. Often, a Nash Equilibrium is not Pareto Optimal implying that the players’ payoffs can all be increased.
Source: GameTheory.net« Back to Glossary Index