In perhaps the most in-depth interview for water wonks yet, Lisa Beutler, Senior Principal with Stantec, sits down with Secretary of Natural Resources Wade Crowfoot and asks him about voluntary agreements, institutional fragmentation, IRWM and the state's role in local planning, SGMA, and more.
Here is Lisa Beutler's write up of the interview, as published in The Water Report and reprinted here with permission.
On April 24th, we had the much-appreciated opportunity to interview Wade Crowfoot, the Secretary for Natural Resources for the State of California. California Governor Gavin Newsom appointed Secretary Crowfoot to this position on January 11, 2019.
When asked about his priorities, California’s recently appointed Natural Resources Secretary quickly rattles off a range of topics: climate change; strengthening water supply resilience; and building water capacity for communities, agriculture, and the environment, among them.
We caught up with Crowfoot just days before issuance of the Governor’s Executive Order on water and he enthusiastically explained that the Governor’s priorities were his priorities. He noted that even while California faces a plethora of pressing issues, Governor Gavin Newsom has made water management a high priority. As evidence he offered that Newsom made time on multiple occasions to convene the Secretaries of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection, and the Department of Food and Agricultural to meet with him personally and explore and define a course of action. Crowfoot found
the Governor’s knowledge and commitment to water resiliency during these sessions impressive.
Talking about water is part of Wade Crowfoot’s DNA. A native son of the Great Lakes region he proudly recounts that his most formative years were spent exploring its vast reaches that encompass 20 percent of the world’s surface fresh water. These early years along with his extensive work experiences in planning and natural resources positions (and many subsequent hiking adventures) provide him with a solid integrated resource management framework. This makes serving as California’s Natural Resources
Secretary an easy fit.
Crowfoot sees integration as the organizing principle for his approach to water management. He describes this as a “One California” portfolio approach that incorporates: conservation; continued improvements in water use efficiency; stormwater capture; recycling; and smart conjunctive water use. It also includes smart investment in green and built infrastructure and the full and fair implementation of California’s Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA).
In addition to leveraging a full toolkit of water management options, a portfolio approach embraces multiple time scales and plans for short, mid, and long-term actions and returns. He defined the longer term timeframe as generational investments that look out 80 years and beyond. As an example he noted that planning documents like the previous Governor’s Water Action Plan are directed more to immediate needs while other required planning processes — like the current California Water Plan — are focused on mid and long-term actions.
When asked how the state’s Integrated Regional Water Management (IRWM) Plans fit into this planning framework, Crowfoot saw an IRWM 2.0 in the future. He noted this was contingent on securing additional funding. Given 85% of water investment happens locally, Crowfoot felt the state could play a role in enhancing what is already happening.
Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Voluntary Agreement Process
Crowfoot offered several examples of how encouraging local and voluntary action was working. Local and voluntary is his preferred option for addressing many water management issues. Foremost was the voluntary agreement process taking place as part of planning for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.
Crowfoot explained how the State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) is in the process of updating its regulatory framework for protecting beneficial uses of water in the Delta and its key watersheds. At the same time, the California Natural Resources Agency in leading a separate but related effort to negotiate voluntary agreements with water users to support environmental objectives through a broad set of tools, while protecting water supply reliability. Further work and analysis is needed to determine whether the agreements can meet environmental objectives required by law and identified in the State Water Board’s update to the Bay-Delta Water Quality Control Plan. However, he felt the voluntary agreements could be a game changer in the overall approach for Delta Management and that significant progress had been made since January under the Newsom administration’s renewed focus.
In describing this process he reemphasized the importance of the “One State” ethos in water management planning. He believed that narratives pitting “North against South” or “Agriculture against Fish” are false and counterproductive. He pointed to the voluntary agreement process as an important step forward in reducing zero-sum thinking and bringing together diverse California water interests. To that end he was very complimentary of all the Delta parties at the table and their sense of urgency in addressing the state’s compelling needs.
Also central to the voluntary agreement discussions is the need to acknowledge requirements for a modernized Delta water conveyance system that will provide water security and protect drinking water for millions of Californians and restore and maintain health of the system. Crowfoot pointed out that sea level rise of five to ten feet is now expected and the potential for an earthquake to create catastrophic damage had to be acknowledged and included in plans. Specific details regarding the size and capacity of a conveyance project will be developed in the coming months. There is widespread agreement the status quo is not an option in the Delta.
The need for modernized infrastructure extends to the entire state. Crowfoot noted that the most of the state was operating with aging infrastructure, some well past its design lifecycle. He felt there was a need for new thinking about infrastructure investment. Such investment should not just target fixing known problems or replicating the current system. Instead, he emphasized that investment should be strategic and generational.
In contrast to investments in large centralized structures as in the past, future infrastructure improvements will require building more flexible and de-centralized facilities. Investments in headwaters and floodplains to leverage natural or green infrastructure will be a priority. He also saw a need for better intra-regional systems that support water conveyance among neighbors — again creating more flexibility.
As with other topics, he found the state could have a role in developing frameworks and incentivizing action.
We asked how climate adapted land use might fall into this framework given the state’s experience with catastrophic fires in the headwaters and regularly occurring flood episodes. As a planner, he was well aware of the importance of allowing communities to direct their own land use. At the same time, he offered that it was unrealistic to think communities could build their way out of flooding and fire. He believed the state may have a role in setting some standards and offering incentives. As an example he pointed to the
state’s General Plan Guidelines and the “show me the water” laws that require new developments to prove adequate future water supply for residents.
He noted that, in many respects, SGMA is one strong example of how allowing local jurisdictions to have control over their own destinies was working. While it is important for the state to set parameters for action and have the backstop of regulatory action by the State Water Board if necessary, the actual groundwater users have the tools and authority to make decisions for their own communities.
During this discussion he also noted that the legal separation of surface and groundwater management would have to somehow be addressed. This would require reducing barriers to water trading and rethinking recharge as a beneficial use. Crowfoot was well aware that these issues raise some sticky issues related to water rights. He did not think it would be a good use of time to discuss fundamental change to the water rights system. However, he felt that some limited, negotiated, useful options might be possible.
Crowfoot pointed out that much of our earlier discussion pointed to the need to break down administrative “silos” and move beyond compartmentalized approaches. He said this fragmentation extended beyond just the water world. The nexus between energy and water needs better integration as does the management of the wildland-urban interface. Fragmentation occurs at multiple scales of governance from federal and tribal to the multiplicity of very small water and resources districts. Simply bringing every one of these institutions into a single conversation would be a monumental task. He offered
that most other states and even countries did not have such a complexity of institutional issues.
In addressing fragmentation, Crowfoot felt an important state role is the articulation of a working water management framework that would allow the institutions to align actions. He did not see massive consolidations of small districts as a preferred overall approach, though the type of consolidations being directed by the State Water Board to ensure safe and reliable water for communities obviously served a purpose. He stressed the need for self-destiny and for regional planning scales.
The importance of fair and equitable water security for all Californians was threaded throughout Crowfoot’s entire discussion. He noted the state’s policy on the human right to water and touched on the need to consider this in every water management decision. This means: addressing existing adverse impacts; preventing unnecessary impacts; and minimizing economic disruption. He also felt that accomplishing these goals would require ensuring some form of representation of impacted communities.
Crowfoot was sober in understanding that the Resources Agency and state government alone could not address every water management need. In considering topics like water security and public health for the homeless population, he pointed to the need for integrated approaches led by social service agencies and a continuum of responses. Even so, he felt the state did have a role in defining standards, providing technical assistance, and incentivizing actions.
In closing Crowfoot offered his optimism and excitement in working to address the state’s water management challenges. He was fully aware of the magnitude and breadth of work undertaken by the California Department of Natural Resources and expressed appreciation of the hour we had to focus just on state water management.
This article first appeared in The Water Report and is republished here with permission.
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